Together with his political and social views with his shock of white hair Bertrand Russell could easily pass for the philosophical father of Bernie Sanders. Many political cartoons of Russell and his views exist, but no Saturday Night Live skits. Of course, Bernie and his antics are far more successful in gaining office and the public’s attention, but many of Russell’s views are reflected in positions that Bernie has taken.
As a young man, Bertrand Russell was a member of the Liberal Party and wrote in favor of women’s suffrage. In his 1910 pamphlet, Anti-Suffragist Anxieties, Russell wrote that some men opposed suffrage because they “fear that their liberty to act in ways that are injurious to women will be curtailed.” In May 1907, Russell stood for Parliament as a woman’s suffrage candidate in Wimbledon.
During Sanders long political career he has consistently co-sponsored and voted for pro-women’s health legislation, programs to help victims of domestic violence as well as pushing for equal pay for women.
Russell was also an active supporter of the Homosexual Law Reform Society, being one of the signatories of A.E. Dyson’s 1958 letter to The Times calling for a change in the law regarding male homosexual practices, which were partly legalized in 1967, when Russell was still alive.
Likewise, Sanders has demonstrated his support for this community for decades. As early as 1983 when he endorsed the Gay Pride parade in a time when it really wasn’t popular to do so. Bernie also co-sponsored of the Equality Act, which would amend the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to ban discrimination based on gender identity or sexual orientation. Sanders was also opposed President Clinton’s Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy, which put gay service members in a kind of limbo. In a 1995 debate, he called out an opponent for saying he didn’t want “homos in the military.” In more recent years, he called on Barack Obama to support marriage equality—something the president did the very next year.
On Capitalism and Socialism
In Russell’s book, In Praise of Idleness and Other Essays (1935), contains a chapter, The Case for Socialism. Russell was ferocious on the ills of Capitalism, such as suppressing wages and union rights, or what we now call Income Inequality. More generally, he wrote, “Advocates of capitalism are very apt to appeal to the sacred principles of liberty, which are embodied in one maxim: The fortunate must not be restrained in the exercise of tyranny over the unfortunate.”side with the more advanced civilization could put the land to better use.
Sanders has always identified himself as a democratic socialist. He defines his position in a speech made during the 2015 presidential primary. “Let me define for you, simply and straightforwardly, what democratic socialism means to me,” Sanders said. “It builds on what Franklin Delano Roosevelt said when he fought for guaranteed economic rights for all Americans. And it builds on what Martin Luther King, Jr. said in 1968 when he stated that, ‘This country has socialism for the rich, and rugged individualism for the poor.’ It builds on the success of many other countries around the world that have done a far better job than we have in protecting the needs of their working families, the elderly, the children, the sick and the poor.”
Bertrand was a known pacifist. He openly protested against world war one. Before war was declared, he had no doubt whatsoever that it was his duty to oppose it. He organized a petition, signed by over 60 Cambridge dons, expressing “their conviction of the supreme importance of preserving England’s neutrality .. considering .. no vital interest of this country is endangered such as would justify our participation in a war.” This appeared in the Guardian and Daily News on 3 August 1914, the day that Sir Edward Grey, the Foreign Secretary, carried the House of Commons in support of a declaration of war, duly made the following day. That day, Russell had the enthusiastic support of the editor of the Liberal paper, the Nation, to publish the following letter, only for an agreement to be withdrawn. After vehement protests, it was printed on 15.
August, and later in New York. Here is an extract:
“Sir – Against the vast majority of my countrymen, in the name of humanity and civilization, I protest against our share in the destruction of Germany. A month ago, Europe was a peaceful comity of nations; if an Englishman killed a German, he was hanged. Now .. he is a patriot. We rejoice when we read of innocent young men, blindly obedient to the word of command, mown down in thousands by the machine guns of Liege.”
Meanwhile is 2003 America was gearing up for a war against Iraq. 20 Democrats in the Senate and one Republican voted against the Use of Military Force against Iraq. In the House, 118 Democrats voted against the invasion of Iraq, including an Independent from Vermont, Bernie Sanders.
“War should be in my view, the last resort of a great nation. We should explore every other option — and I know that opens up the political types: ‘Oh, you’re wimpy. You don’t want to go to war.’ Well, I don’t accept that. I’ve talked to too many people who came home without legs, without eyesight, with traumatic brain injury,”
Russell took a serious interest in the American civil rights movement in the 1960s, writing several influential articles documenting the injustices against blacks and making connections to the united states domestic and foreign violence. As a result of an appeal from an American civil rights group – the emergency civil liberties committee – Russell wrote several statements and letters on behalf of the reverend Ashton Jones, a white civil rights advocate. The appeal was successful and Jones was released in early 1964.
In August 1963, 21-year-old college student Bernie Sanders was arrested during a school segregation protest in Chicago. Sanders joined hundreds of demonstrators, most black parents and students, in protesting the installation of mobile classrooms to relieve overcrowding at black schools without transporting black students to white schools with open seats. Protesters barricaded the proposed construction site, and some physically blocked construction trucks and police cars. A new Sanders campaign advertisement features recently discovered video footage and a photograph of his arrest at this protest over five decades ago. “When I saw Bernie Sanders getting arrested for protesting segregation it was powerful,” actor and activist Danny Glover says in the ad. “The presidential candidate that has put himself on the line to be on the right side of history. I think Bernie is one of us. I think Bernie is with us.”
While these men didn’t agree on everything. It’s hard to miss such similarities in their beliefs as well as the impact they’ve made on society as a whole. To learn more about Bertrand Russell, read some of his published works.
The Wisdom of Buddha, drawn from the sacred books of Buddhism, reveals the insights and beliefs at the heart of the world’s fourth-largest religion. Covering the birth and death of the Buddha, as well as the major tenets of Buddhism, this collection offers a profound view of the Buddhist religion and its founder.
These five volumes from Philosophical Library’s groundbreaking Wisdom series are available in one volume for the first time.
An intriguing look inside the mind of the Renaissance genius Leonardo da Vinci stood on a bridge between medieval thought and the modern mind. In this selection of entries from his dozens of coded notebooks and unpublished manuscripts, his unending curiosity in the universe and deep knowledge come through in his energetic style. The self-educated da Vinci developed a philosophical system that set him apart from his contemporaries and marked him as the oracle of a new age, and his vivid imagination and straightforward writing style capture the reader’s attention whether he is writing about his scientific analysis, his opinion of necromancy, discoveries in nature, or the nature of man. Accompanied by a thorough introduction, The Wisdom of Leonardo da Vinci unveils the man’s deepest thoughts and musings and proves why he remains an intriguing and enduring figure.
More than a great painter, sculptor, and engineer, Leonardo Da Vinci was one of the most profound and inquisitive thinkers of his-or any other-age. The Wisdom of Leonardo da Vinci unveils the master’s deepest thoughts and musings on a wide variety of topics, from art to anatomy, from science to the soul. Culled from dozens of Leonardo’s coded diaries and unpublished manuscripts, these writings include opinions, scientific analysis, and speculations that were considered unconventional, dangerous, even heretical in Renaissance Italy. Leonardo reveals his secret thoughts on spiritual possession, alchemy, tyranny and freedom, nature, the biblical Great Flood, fossils, creativity, painting and poetry, knowledge and reason, and more.
Discover the ancient wisdom and historical influence of a cornerstone of Judaism
The Wisdom of the Talmud presents a thorough history and overview of the Talmud, the rabbinical commentary on the Torah that was developed in the Jewish academies of Palestine and Babylonia. From the close of the Biblical canon to the end of the fifth century, Jewish scholars studied the scripture and worked to develop—and debate—supplementary understandings of the Torah’s directions on a variety of topics. From man’s purpose and miracles, to marriage and wellness, to consciousness and community, the Talmud considers what it means to practice faith on a daily basis and through a changing world. This book is an essential and approachable guide for understanding how interpretation of the Torah has guided Jewish life for thousands of years.
This ebook features a new foreword, image gallery, and list of proverbs and sayings of the rabbis.
One of the world’s greatest minds addresses religion and science, war and peace, and the treatment of minorities in this authorized collection.
In the aftermath of the First World War, Albert Einstein writes about his hopes for the League of Nations, his feelings as a German citizen about the growing anti-Semitism and nationalism of his country, and his myriad opinions about the current affairs of his day. In addition to these political perspectives, The World As I See It reveals the idealistic, spiritual, and witty side of this great intellectual as he approaches topics including “Good and Evil,” “Religion and Science,” “Active Pacifism,” “Christianity and Judaism,” and “Minorities.”
Including letters, speeches, articles, and essays written before 1935, this collection offers a complete portrait of Einstein as a humanitarian and as a human being trying to make sense of the changing world around him.
This authorized ebook features a new introduction by Neil Berger, PhD, and an illustrated biography of Albert Einstein, which includes rare photos and never-before-seen documents from the Albert Einstein Archives at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
About The Art of Philosophizing:
The essays in this little volume, published here for the first time in book form, were written by Bertrand Russell during the Second World War when he was less concerned with the stormy issues of nuclear warfare and the containment of communist aggression. In those years the author was teaching philosophy at American universities and exercising a growing influence on America s student population. The essays assembled here are fundamentally concerned with the art of reckoning in the fields of mathematics, logic and philosophy. The simplicity of Russell s exposition is astonishing, as is his ability to get to the core of the great philosophical issues and to skillfully probe the depth of philosophical analysis. Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, social reformer, and pacifist. Although he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in Wales, where he also died. Russell led the British “revolt against Idealism” in the early 1900s and is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his protege Wittgenstein and his elder Frege. He co-authored, with A. N. Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, an attempt to ground mathematics on logic. His philosophical essay “On Denoting” has been considered a “paradigm of philosophy.” Both works have had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics and analytic philosophy. He was a prominent anti-war activist, championing free trade between nations and anti-imperialism. Russell was imprisoned for his pacifist activism during World War I, campaigned against Adolf Hitler, for nuclear disarmament, criticized Soviet totalitarianism and the United States of America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1950, Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, “in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought.”
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Albert Schweitzer (January 14, 1875-September 4, 1965) was born into an Alsatian family which for generations had been devoted to religion, music, and education. His father and maternal grandfather were ministers; both of his grandfathers were talented organists; many of his relatives were persons of scholarly attainments.
Schweitzer entered into his intensive theological studies in 1893 at the University of Strasbourg where he obtained a doctorate in philosophy in 1899, with a dissertation on the religious philosophy of Kant, and received his licentiate in theology in 1900. He began preaching at St. Nicholas Church in Strasbourg in 1899; he served in various high ranking administrative posts from 1901 to 1912 in the Theological College of St.Thomas, the college he had attended at the University of Strasbourg. In 1906 he published The Quest of the Historical Jesus, a book on which much of his fame as a theological scholar rests.
Meanwhile he continued with a distinguished musical career initiated at an early age with piano and organ lessons. Only nine when he first performed in his father’s church, he was, from his young manhood to his middle eighties, recognized as a concert organist, internationally known. From his professional engagements he earned funds for his education, particularly his later medical schooling, and for his African hospital. Musicologist as well as performer, Schweitzer wrote a biography of Bach in 1905 in French, published a book on organ building and playing in 1906, and rewrote the Bach book in German in 1908.
A Treasury of Albert Schweitzer, An anthology of the philosophical writings by one of the finest humanitarians and thinkers of the twentieth century includes essays on nature, the mystery of life, the will to live, respect for life, and the work of such artists as Bach and Goethe, is on sale March 24th on Early Bird Books. Missed the sale? Click here to purchase a copy of this book for yourself!
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About the book:
Be the Change. Drawn from Gandhi’s own words, this collection shares one man’s philosophy that changed world history.
When the Indian people, inspired by the words of Mahatma Gandhi, overthrew British rule, they proved that great political change could exist without violence. Revered both as a saint and a master politician in his native country, Gandhi proffered a philosophy that combined Thoreau’s doctrine of civil disobedience with many Hindu beliefs. A comprehensive introduction to this influential modern thinker, The Wisdom of Gandhi recounts his deeply held views on a variety of topics, including passive resistance, self-discipline, democracy, and even well-being. This is essential text for the history and political reader, as well as anyone looking for words to inspire change.
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Three captivating volumes reveal how Einstein viewed both the physical universe and the everyday world in which he lived.
A century after his theory of general relativity shook the foundations of the scientific world, Albert Einstein’s name is still synonymous with genius. This collection is an introduction to one of the world’s greatest minds.
Essays in Humanism
Nuclear proliferation, Zionism, and the global economy are just a few of the insightful and surprisingly prescient topics scientist Albert Einstein discusses in this volume of collected essays from between 1931 and 1950. With a clear voice and a thoughtful perspective on the effects of science, economics, and politics in daily life, Einstein’s essays provide an intriguing view inside the mind of a genius as he addresses the philosophical challenges presented during the turbulence of the Great Depression, World War II, and the dawn of the Cold War.
The Theory of Relativity and Other Essays
E=mc2 may be Einstein’s most well-known contribution to modern science. Now, on the one-hundredth anniversary of the theory of general relativity, discover the thought process behind this famous equation. In this collection of his seven most important essays on physics, Einstein guides his reader through the many layers of scientific theory that formed a starting point for his discoveries. By both supporting and refuting the theories and scientific efforts of his predecessors, he reveals the origins and meaning of such significant topics as physics and reality, the fundamentals of theoretical physics, the common language of science, the laws of science and of ethics, and an elementary derivation of the equivalence of mass and energy. This remarkable collection, authorized by the Albert Einstein archives, allows the non-scientist to understand not only the significance of Einstein’s masterpiece, but also the brilliant mind behind it.
The World As I See It
Authorized by the Albert Einstein Archives, this is a fascinating collection of observations about life, religion, nationalism, and a host of personal topics that engaged the intellect of one of the world’s greatest minds. In the aftermath of World War I, Einstein writes about his hopes for the League of Nations, his feelings as a German citizen about the growing anti-Semitism and nationalism of his country, and his opinions about the current affairs of his day. In addition to these political perspectives, The World As I See It reveals the idealistic, spiritual, and witty side of this great intellectual as he approaches topics including “Good and Evil,” “Religion and Science,” “Active Pacifism,” “Christianity and Judaism,” and “Minorities.” Including letters, speeches, articles and essays written before 1935, this collection offers a complete portrait of Einstein as a humanitarian and as a human being trying to make sense of the changing world around him.
This authorized ebook features new introductions by Neil Berger and an illustrated biography of Albert Einstein, which includes rare photos and never-before-seen documents from the Albert Einstein Archives at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Celebrate one of the world’s greatest collections of pure literature In Hebrew, the word Torah means instruction, and throughout thousands of years this collection of writing has offered just that—instruction in the central beliefs of three world religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. But by observing the Torah, or the Hebrew Bible, as a collected work of multiple authors spanning generations, the modern reader can look beyond its fundamental instruction.
The Wisdom of the Torah concentrates on the Hebrew Bible as a book of philosophy and literature and offers some of its most powerful and poetic passages, including “The Poems of King David,” “The Parables of King Solomon,” and “The Love Songs of King Solomon.” In these works, readers find many lyrical and timeless reflections on what it means to have faith and to be a member of the human race. This ebook features a new introduction, image gallery, timeline of the Torah and Judaic history, and index of the Books of the Torah.
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